Robert A. Musiala

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NFT Initiatives Launch; OFAC Adds Crypto Public Keys to SDN List; Treasury Dept. Publishes Crypto Reports; Crypto Enforcement and Hacks Continue

In this issue: • Non-Fungible Marketing: Brands Continue to Launch NFTs• OFAC Adds Crypto Public Keys to SDN List Related to Russian Group• US Department of the Treasury Publishes Digital Asset Reports and RFC• Republican Senator Criticizes SEC Approach to Crypto Markets• DOJ and SEC Target Crypto Fraud and Unregistered ‘Crypto Asset Securities’• Cryptocurrency Market … Continue Reading

Ethereum Moves to PoS; Firms Launch Crypto, NFT Initiatives; EO Crypto Energy Impact Report Published; Crypto Addressed by OFAC, DOJ, SEC, U.S. Senators

In this issue: • Ethereum Network Completes Transition to Proof of Stake Consensus• Crypto Exchange, Bitcoin Futures ETF Launch; Crypto Adoption Data Published• Major Coffee and Scotch Brands Launch NFT Initiatives• OFAC Adds Crypto Public Keys to SDN List, Addresses Tornado Cash Sanctions• Major U.S. Exchange Backs Lawsuit Challenging OFAC Tornado Cash Sanctions• Office of … Continue Reading

SEC Chair Stands Firm: ‘Vast Majority’ of Cryptocurrency Tokens Are Securities

In prepared remarks delivered at the Practising Law Institute’s “SEC Speaks” program on Sept. 8, Chair Gensler emphasized and reiterated his long-standing position that the vast majority of cryptocurrency tokens are securities, and he noted that “only a small number of tokens, even though they may represent a significant portion of the crypto market’s aggregate … Continue Reading

NFT Initiatives Launch Across Markets; US Banking Regulators Address Crypto; DOJ and Congress Target Crypto Fraud; FBI Cites Risks as DeFi Hacks Continue

In this issue: • NFT Initiatives Launch in Ticket Sales, Social Media and College Football• US Banking Regulators Publish DeFi Analysis, Address Crypto in Speeches• DOJ Targets Crypto Fraud, House Subcommittee Addresses Consumer Risks• FBI Cites DeFi Hacking Threats as Hacks Continue; Reports Identify ISIS NFT NFT Initiatives Launch in Ticket Sales, Social Media and … Continue Reading

Combatting Fraud and Corruption in the NFT Market

On Oct. 6, 2021, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the creation of a National Cryptocurrency Enforcement Team to tackle investigations and prosecutions of criminal misuses of cryptocurrency. As the non-fungible token (NFT) market continues to expand, DOJ’s heightened focus on cryptocurrency has begun to encompass NFTs. Just as with any other market, a … Continue Reading

NFT Market Research Published; Crypto Issues Addressed by FDIC, US Representatives and Foreign Regulators; DOJ Targets Crypto Fraud Scheme

In this issue: • Fashion Brands Score with NFTs, but Market Trends Show Threats Abound• FDIC and Congress Members Address Crypto Representations, Sanctions, Mining• Foreign Regulators Issue Crypto Guidance, Act Against Unregistered VASPs• DOJ Targets Cryptocurrency Fraud, Report Cites Recent Crypto Crime Trends Fashion Brands Score with NFTs, but Market Trends Show Threats Abound By … Continue Reading

NFT Endorsements Scrutinized; Bank Crypto Guidance Issued; DOJ, CFTC and SEC Bring Crypto Enforcement Actions; Research Finds Crypto Insider Trading

In this issue: NFTs Expand on Social Media, Celebrity NFT Endorsements Scrutinized Federal Reserve Addresses Crypto; Senator Inquires About Bank-Crypto Relations DOJ, CFTC and SEC Crypto Enforcement Targets Tax Evasion, Fraud and ICOs US and Foreign Law Enforcement Target Cryptocurrency Money Laundering DeFi Stablecoin Hacked; Research Finds Evidence of Crypto Insider Trading NFTs Expand on … Continue Reading

New York State Department of Financial Services Publishes First Crypto Industry Consent Order

On August 1, 2022, the New York State Department of Financial Services (“DFS” or “Department”) issued a Consent Order, imposing a $30 million fine on Robinhood Crypto, LLC (“Robinhood”), a trading platform that allows customers to trade in cryptocurrency, for allegedly failing to comply with New York anti-money laundering (“AML”) and cybersecurity regulations. In addition … Continue Reading

Crypto Products Launch, Gain Approvals; OFAC Sanctions Crypto Mixer; SEC Publishes ICO Consent Order; Report Cites Criminal Use of Cross-Chain Bridges

In this issue: NY DFS Approves Crypto Platform, Prepaid Crypto Card to Launch in Argentina U.S. Department of the Treasury Sanctions Major Virtual Currency Mixer SEC Publishes ICO Consent Order, Crypto Exchange Discloses SEC Investigation Report Cites Money Laundering Risks of Cryptocurrency Cross-Chain Bridges NY DFS Approves Crypto Platform, Prepaid Crypto Card to Launch in … Continue Reading

New NFT Initiatives Launch Across Industries; Banking Agencies Publish Crypto Guidance; Enforcement Agencies Bring Crypto Actions; Crypto Hacks Reported

In this issue: • New NFT Initiatives Announced in Jewelry, Automobile and Liquor Industries• US Banking Agencies Publish Notices on Crypto Firms and Deposit Insurance• Multiple Agencies Target Cryptocurrency Fraud and Regulatory Violations• Nomad Bridge Hacked, Stolen Crypto Valued at Approximately $200 Million• Multiple Hacks Reported Across Various Sectors of the Cryptocurrency Market New NFT … Continue Reading

Applying the Bank Secrecy Act, FinCEN Regulations, and Sanctions to the Nascent NFT Market

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) often involve two areas with known money laundering and terrorist financing risks: cryptocurrencies and high-value assets, like art. As detailed below, the U.S. Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has provided guidance on the applicability of statutes related to anti-money laundering and terrorist financing (AML) to cryptocurrencies. Recent actions and statements … Continue Reading

Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Decreases; Crypto Addressed by CFTC Chair; Congress Addresses Crypto Tax, Accounting; Crypto Enforcement and Crimes Continue

In this issue: Bitcoin Network Mining Difficulty Continues Downward Trend Amid Heat Wave CFTC Chair Addresses Crypto; Proposed Bill Would Simplify Crypto Tax Rules Congress Members Criticize SEC Bulletin on Crypto Accounting Treatment DOJ, SEC and OFAC Continue Cryptocurrency Enforcement Actions Reports Show Hackers Turning to Cryptojacking and DeFi to Siphon Crypto Bitcoin Network Mining … Continue Reading

SEC and DOJ Bring Parallel Crypto Insider Trading Cases; SEC Alleges Nine Tokens Are Securities

Significant parallel actions commenced this week by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) bring crypto fraud enforcement into the spotlight, with the SEC alleging that multiple tokens listed on Coinbase are securities. In its first insider trading case of “crypto asset securities,” the SEC charged a former Coinbase product manager, his … Continue Reading

Crypto Platforms Achieve Foreign Approvals; DOJ Seizes Crypto Ransomware Funds; CFTC Adds Crypto Firms to RED List; Crypto Fraud and Threats Continue

In this issue: • Foreign Regulators Approve Crypto Platforms; Ethereum Approaching PoS• DOJ Seizes $500K in Ransomware Crypto; CFTC Adds Crypto Firms to RED List• Fraud, Mixers, Ransomware and the Darkweb: Cryptocurrency Threats Continue Foreign Regulators Approve Crypto Platforms; Ethereum Approaching PoS By Keith R. Murphy According to recent reports, several major cryptocurrency platforms have … Continue Reading

USPTO to Address NFTs; Treasury Dept. Publishes Digital Asset Fact Sheet; Financial Regulators Address Digital Assets; Crypto Enforcement Continues

In this issue: • CryptoPunk Sold for $2.6M, USPTO to Address NFTs, Court Approves NFT Service• Treasury Dept. Publishes Digital Asset Policy Fact Sheet, Seeks Public Comment• Multiple Financial Regulatory Bodies Publish Reports on Digital Assets• Crypto Enforcement Targets Interest Products, Unlicensed Money Transmission… Continue Reading

Financial and Crypto Firms Explore Integration; NFT Market Expands; FATF/Basel Publish Crypto Guidance; DOJ/CFTC Bring Crypto Actions; DeFi Hacks Continue

In this issue: Financial Firm Launches Crypto Group, MakerDAO Votes to Integrate with Bank NFT Market Continues to Expand with Brand Activations and Infringement Suit FATF and Basel Committee Publish New Guidance on Cryptocurrencies DOJ, CFTC Bring Multiple Enforcement Actions Against Crypto Fraud Schemes North Korean Lazarus Group Suspected in Recent DeFi Hack Financial Firm … Continue Reading

Navigating Contractual Relationships in the NFT Market

Participants in the fast-moving – but legally uncertain – non-fungible token (NFT) marketplace can maximize their business opportunities and mitigate risk by delineating their specific role early and clearly defining where their obligations begin and where their responsibilities end. Understanding and defining your role, and the role of your counterparties, is critical. Here are some … Continue Reading

DOJ Calls on International Partners to Improve Investigative Efficiency in Response to President Biden’s Executive Order on Risks Involving Digital Assets

In June 2022, the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued a report (Report) recommending increased cooperation among international law enforcement agencies to combat threats and crime related to the use and proliferation of digital assets and to address obstacles unique to the asset class. Specific actions recommended by the Report include expanding U.S. relationships with international … Continue Reading

New Stablecoins, Cryptocurrency Products and NFT Initiatives Launch; Ukraine Sells Donated NFT; SEC and OSC Bring Crypto Enforcement Actions

In this issue: • New Fiat-Pegged Stablecoins Launch, BIS Publishes New Findings on CBDCs• Traditional Financial Firms and Startups Launch New Cryptocurrency Products• NFT Ecosystem Expands; Ukrainian Government Sells NFT for Over $100,000• Canadian and US Securities Regulators Continue Crypto Enforcement Actions New Fiat-Pegged Stablecoins Launch, BIS Publishes New Findings on CBDCs By Jordan R. … Continue Reading

A Legal Practitioner’s Guide to NFTs, Digital Advertising and Media

In 2021, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) generated overall sales of close to $25 billion and became one of the year’s most defining cultural phenomena. This trend has continued with NFT sales topping $2 billion in the first quarter of 2022. In an effort to engage audiences and produce secondary revenue streams, brands—in sectors ranging from fashion … Continue Reading

Financial Firms and Crypto Networks Launch Initiatives; Nonprofit Challenges Crypto Tax Provision; Crypto Enforcement Continues; UST Analysis Published

In this issue:• Firms Announce New Crypto Initiatives; Data Published on Crypto and NFT Use• Nonprofit Coin Center Files Lawsuit Challenging Crypto Provision of Tax Code• OpenSea and Chainlink Announce Network Transitions• SEC Investigates Stablecoins, Crypto Exchanges; DOJ Seizes Dark Market• Report Analyzes UST Collapse, Australia Reports Losses to Crypto Scams Firms Announce New Crypto … Continue Reading

New Crypto Products Launch, Draft Digital Assets Bill Released, Regulators Address Stablecoins, DOJ Publishes Crypto Report, Hacks and Scams Continue

In this issue: • Fintech and Crypto Firms Announce Myriad New Crypto Product Launches• Senators Release Digital Assets Bill, Crypto Activists Send Letter to Congress• NY DFS and Japan Address Stablecoins, BIS Addresses Crypto ‘Fragmentation’• DOJ Calls for International Cooperation in Fight Against Crypto Crime• CFTC Sues Crypto Exchange, NY AG Issues Investor Alert, UST … Continue Reading

An Introduction to Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are the latest advancement in the ongoing evolution of the blockchain market. To help put this new phenomenon into context, the BakerHostetler Blockchain team has prepared a series of papers that examine NFTs from various perspectives. In the first paper in the series, we introduce NFTs from the technological and market perspectives. … Continue Reading

Crypto Payment Initiatives Launch; Report Cites Evolving Crypto Views; G7, ECB, BIS Address Crypto Risks; DOJ, CFTC Target NFT Insider Trading, Crypto Fraud

In this issue: • New Cryptocurrency Payments Systems, Tokens and Trade Associations Launch• Cryptocurrency Industry Report Notes Change in Consumer and Insider Views• Digital Asset and Blockchain Risks and Opportunities Addressed by G7, ECB, BIS• DOJ Brings First NFT Insider Trading Case, CFTC Action Targets Crypto Fraud New Cryptocurrency Payments Systems, Tokens and Trade Associations … Continue Reading
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